We were discussing the “Elongation
of uniformly tapering circular rod” and “Elongation
of uniformly tapering rectangular rod” and also we have seen “Stress
analysis of bars of composite sections” and “Stress
analysis of bars of varying sections” with the help of previous posts.

Now we are going further to start our discussion to
understand the concept of “Elongation of bar due to its self weight, with the
help of this post.

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**Let us see here ****the of elongation of bar due to its
self weight**

As we have already discussed that when an external
force will be applied on a body, there will be deformation or changes in the
size and shape of the body. But molecular forces which will be acting between
the molecules of the body will resist the deformation in the body due to the
external force and this is termed as internal resistance developed by the body
in order to resist the deformation in the body due to the external force.

This internal resistance force per unit area will be
termed as stress.

Same concept will also be applied here when we will
analyze stress and strain for a bar of uniform section due to its self weight.

If a bar of uniform cross-section will be fixed at one
end and hanging freely under its self weight, there will also be induced stress
and strain due to self weight of the bar.

Let us consider one bar AB as shown in following
figure. Let us assume that bar is fixed at one end and hanging freely under its
self weight. Let us assume that length of the bar is L, cross sectional area of
the bar is A, young’s modulus of elasticity of the bar is E and specific weight
of the bar i.e. weight per unit volume is ω.

Let us consider one small strip of thickness dy and
at a distance y from the lower end as displayed in above figure.

Now we will consider the weight of the bar for a
length of y in order to understand the load acting over the small strip of thickness
dy towards downward direction.

Therefore weight of the bar for a length of y = ω x
A x y

As weight of the bar for a length of y is acting on
the small strip of thickness dy towards downward direction, there will be some
stress and some changes in length of the bar due to self weight of the bar.

Therefore let us see, stress induced in the bar due
to the load acting over the small strip of thickness dy towards downward direction.

Stress, σy = (ω x A x y)/A

Stress, σy = ω x y

And from here we can easily conclude that stress
induced in the bar due to the self weight of the bar will be directionally
proportional to the y.

Now we will determine the strain and elongation in
small strip

Strain = Stress/E

Strain = ω x y /E

Elongation in small strip = Strain x length of small
strip

Elongation in small strip = (ω x y /E) x dy

Elongation of the bar due to its self weight will be
determined by integrating the above equation from 0 to L.

Elongation of the bar, δL will be determined as
displayed here

Do you
have any suggestions? Please write in comment box

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**Reference:**

Strength of material, By R. K. Bansal

Image Courtesy: Google

We will see another important topic i.e. Thermal stresses in composite bars, in
the category of strength of material, in our next post.