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Types of Carpentry Process

We were discussing Plumbing tools and their use, Carpentry tools and their use and Types of Carpentry Machines and their applications in our previous post. Today we will try to understand here the various Carpentry processes with the help of this post. 

We can define the term carpentry as the process of making wooden components. For example,  floors, roots, partitions, windows and doors. 

Carpentry Processes 

If we see, in a carpentry shop, a number of operations will be required to be performed to get the finished workpiece. There are different types of processes performed in a carpentry shop that can be classified as mentioned below. .

Marking and Measuring

Marking and Measuring is the process of setting dimensions on wooden pieces to secure the required shape. This is the first step for further carpentry operations. The marking operation is done with the use of marking tools. Before marking, one end is planned for reference. 


Sawing is the process of cutting wood to the required shape and size such as straight, inclined or curved. Sawing can be done along the grains or across the grains.

In sawing, wooden work is fixed in a vice and wood is moved up to prevent vibrations during



Planing is an operation of obtaining a smooth, dimensionally true surface of wood by using a planer. It is done along the grains. So, a smooth surface is achieved. This process can be also called facing or edging.


It is the process of cutting a small stock of wood to produce required shapes.

Mortise and Tenoning

Mortising is the process of producing a mortise, i.e. a rectangular or square hole and recesses in wooden pieces. 

A tenon is a projected piece of wood that fits into the corresponding mortise. This

The process is done by using mortise chisels and a mallet.


Boring is the process of producing through holes or blind holes in wooden pieces. This process can be done straight or inclined according to the type of work. The small holes are produced by using bradawl and gimlet, whereas large holes are produced by using braces, drills.


Grooving is the process of making grooves whereas tonguing is the process of producing

corresponding projections of wood for fitting into grooves. Grooving and tonguing operation can

be seen in drawing boards, floor boards and partitions. 

Grooving is done with a plough plane tool, and tonguing is done with a molding plane tool.


Engineering Practices by Mr. S. SUYAMBAZHAHAN

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