We were
discussing meaning and importance of shear
force and bending moment and types of beams in strength of materials and also
some basic
concepts of strength of materials in our recent posts.Â

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Today we will see here the types of load on beam in strength of materials with the help
of this post.

First we
must have to understand here the meaning and definition of a beam and after
that we will see here the various types of loads on beams with the help of this
post.

A beam is
basically defined as one structural member used to bear the different loads. In
structure, beam helps to bear the load and we must have to note it here that
there will not be any structure without beams and therefore we must have to
understand the various types of beams in strength of materials.Â

Beam is
usually subjected with vertical load, shear load and also sometimes with
horizontal load. We must have to note it here that cross section of a beam will
be quite smaller as compared to its length.

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**Let
us see here the various types of loads on beams in strength of materials **

A beam is usually horizontal member and load which will be acting over
the beam will be usually vertical loads. There are following types of loads as
mentioned here and we will discuss each type of load in detail.

- Point load or concentrated load
- Uniformly distributed load
- Uniformly varying load

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**Point
load or concentrated load**

Point load or concentrated load, as name suggest, acts at a point on the
beam. If we will see practically, point load or concentrated load also
distributed over a small area but we can consider such type of loading as point
loading and hence such type of load could be considered as point load or
concentrated load.

Following figure displayed here indicates the beam AB of length L which
will be loaded with point load W at the midpoint of the beam. Load W will be
considered here as the point load.

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**Uniformly
distributed load**

Uniformly distributed load is the load which will be distributed over the
length of the beam in such a way that rate of loading will be uniform
throughout the distribution length of the beam.Â

Uniformly distributed load is also expressed as U.D.L and with value as w N/m. During determination of the total load, total uniformly distributed load will be converted in to point load by multiplying the rate of loading i.e. w (N/m) with the span of load distribution i.e. L and will be acting over the midpoint of the length of the uniformly load distribution.

Uniformly distributed load is also expressed as U.D.L and with value as w N/m. During determination of the total load, total uniformly distributed load will be converted in to point load by multiplying the rate of loading i.e. w (N/m) with the span of load distribution i.e. L and will be acting over the midpoint of the length of the uniformly load distribution.

Let us consider the following figure, a beam AB of length L is loaded
with uniformly distributed load and rate of loading is w (N/m).

Total uniformly distributed load, P = w*L

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**Uniformly
varying load**

Uniformly varying load is the load which will be distributed over the
length of the beam in such a way that rate of loading will not be uniform but
also vary from point to point throughout the distribution length of the beam.

Uniformly varying load is also termed as triangular load. Let us see the
following figure, a beam AB of length L is loaded with uniformly varying load.Â Â

We can see from figure that load is zero at one end and increases uniformly to the other end. During determination of the total load, we will determine the area of the triangle and the result i.e. area of the triangle will be total load and this total load will be assumed to act at the C.G of the triangle.

We can see from figure that load is zero at one end and increases uniformly to the other end. During determination of the total load, we will determine the area of the triangle and the result i.e. area of the triangle will be total load and this total load will be assumed to act at the C.G of the triangle.

Total load, P = w*L/2

Do
you have any suggestions? Please write in comment box.Â

You should also find out here few very important posts as mentioned below.Â

**Reference:**

Strength
of material, By R. K. Bansal

Image
Courtesy: Google

We
will see another important topic i.e. Sign conventions for shear force and bending moment in the category of strength of material in our next post.

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