Recent Updates

THERMODYNAMIC EQUILIBRIUM, INTENSIVE AND EXTENSIVE PROPERTIES

We were discussing the basic of engineering thermodynamics in our previous post i.e. Thermodynamics system, boundary and surrounding, we have also seen the various classes of thermodynamics system there.

Today we will focus here the concept of thermodynamic equilibrium in this post and also we will see here the properties of the system.

Thermodynamic system will be considered in thermodynamic equilibrium, if system is meeting the condition of the three important types of equilibrium as mentioned below.
  1. Mechanical Equilibrium
  2. Thermal Equilibrium
  3. Chemical equilibrium

Mechanical Equilibrium

A system will be considered in the state of mechanical equilibrium if there is no unbalanced force within the system or between system and its surrounding. Pressure must be same at each point within the system and should not vary with respect to time. 

If there is presence of unbalanced force within the system or between system and its surrounding, then system will not be considered in the state of mechanical equilibrium and in this situation only system or system and its surrounding will go through state change for securing the state of mechanical equilibrium.

Thermal Equilibrium

In order to consider a system in the state of thermal equilibrium, temperature must be same at each point within the system and should not vary with respect to time. If system is not meeting this criterion, in that situation system will go through state change for securing the state of thermal equilibrium.

Chemical equilibrium

In order to consider a system in the state of chemical equilibrium, if there is no chemical reaction taking place within the system and chemical composition of the system is not changing with respect to time.

Any thermodynamic system must meet the above equilibrium state to be considered as system in the state of thermodynamic equilibrium. A thermodynamic system will be considered in the state of non-equilibrium, if system is not meeting anyone above equilibrium state.

Now let us see the properties of a thermodynamic system

Thermodynamics properties

There are basically two types of properties of thermodynamics system

Intensive property

Any property that will not be dependent over the mass of the system will be termed as intensive property. Intensive property will exist at a point in space. Pressure, temperature and density will be the good example of intensive property.

Extensive property

Any property that will be dependent over the mass of the system will be termed as extensive property. Volume will be the good example of extensive property.

There is another important type of intensive property i.e. specific property. Specific property will always comes in per unit mass such as specific volume. Specific volume indicates the volume per unit mass and its unit will be cubic meter/kg in SI system.

We will discuss another topic in thermodynamics in our next post.
Do you have any suggestions? Please write in comment box.

Image courtesy: Google
Reference
Engineering thermodynamics by R.K Rajput
Engineering thermodynamics by P.K Nag

Also read

48 comments:

  1. I definitely enjoying every little bit of it. It is a great website and nice share. I want to thank you. Good job! You guys do a great blog, and have some great contents. Keep up the good work.Fayetteville NC

    ReplyDelete
  2. I liked that you mentioned removing all the items in your living room that may break during a professional carpet cleaning. My sister is thinking about hiring a carpet cleaning company, and we are looking for advice. I will let her know to remove all items from her living room before the process to make sure nothing break.Locksmith Services

    ReplyDelete
  3. Therefore it is preferable that you ought to pertaining learn well before constructing. You possibly can share improved present inside a.vaughan homes for sale

    ReplyDelete
  4. Definitely agree with the first tip because you have to make sure your home is ready before you list it in the market. Improvements are really important and staging as well will help in getting the best possible price when selling your home. After the improvements, it is also good to get a professional photographer to take photos of your home that will highlight the areas of your home and help to attract potential buyers. Awesome blog by the way and thanks for sharing.aurora condos for sale

    ReplyDelete
  5. We are getting different type of stories on pastille salon spa for yana event. That's done really well and interesting for more stories. Thank you so much for all your great features.résidence personne agée montreal

    ReplyDelete
  6. When you use a genuine service, you will be able to provide instructions, share materials and choose the formatting stylehomes for sale Temecula

    ReplyDelete
  7. Yeah, technology is going to change the business market of the world as it is getting better and better day by day and helping the business owners to get a big amount of profit form the business. By using technology, they can run the business easily without the difficulties.Houses for sale in Bucks County

    ReplyDelete
  8. Thank you so much for writing this article. I saw this programme in 1987 when I was about 9 or 10 years old on British Forces TV in Germany. I couldn't remember the name of the programme or series and only discovered it last week by change on the internet. The ending, as you describe, was absolutely chilling. If memory serves me right, she swings the scythe and it finishes with a chopping sound. Urgghproperty in bangalore

    ReplyDelete
  9. Ideally a property bought with rental in mind will be close to local tourism centres, have good transport links and be situated near to the beach or golf course. Security is also a factor to bear in mind as is access when renting to elderly or disabled tourists. If selected carefully, the buy to let investor can be assured of a good rental income from their property, especially in regions such as the Algarve. Southern Portugal now works as a "non-seasonal" tourist destination, with rental income achievable throughout the year. macpherson mall

    ReplyDelete
  10. Investing money in Singapore property gives you more return on investment than the other fields like stock exchange, home loans, trading, etc. sturdee residences

    ReplyDelete
  11. The Avenir is a new launch condominium in Singapore. The Avenir comprising of 2 towers of a 36 storey apartment with a total of 376 units. This condominium is jointly developed by Hong Leong Holdings Limited, Guccoland Limited and Hong Realty Pte Ltd. The Avenir is a freehold condominium located and District 9 sitting on a site area of approximately 129,648 sq ft. Located within the highly coveted District 9 lifestyle enclave of Orchard Road, River Valley, and Robertson Quay. Within 5 minutes’ walk to future Great World MRT (TE15 targeting 2021) and proximity to Somerset MRT (NS23) and Fort Canning MRT (DT20). There will be 69 units of 1 bedroom, 69 units of 2 bedroom, 68 units of 3 bedroom and 101 units of 4 bedroom. Sizes for 1 bedroom is from 527 sq ft, 2 bedroom from 807 sq ft, 3 bedroom from 1141 sq ft and 4 bedroom from 2056 sq ft. Units has a 3.2m high ceiling & top-notch luxury fittings eg. Antonio Lupi, V-Zug, De Dietrich, Hansgrohe, Novacucina. The Avenir was launch on 11 January 2020. A total of 20 units was sold on the 1st day. Prices starts from $1.55m for a 1 bedroom to $8.324M for a 4 bedroom unit.The Avenir Floorplan

    ReplyDelete
  12. Obama are so enamored with their posh Washington, DC rental home, they've plunked down a whopping $8.1 million to purchase it.Minivan & VAN Rental Nelspruit

    ReplyDelete
  13. With оur experience,professional snagger uk, wе offer a complete catching review benefits in London and numerous UK districts ( list accessible on our landing page ) and рrераrе a report аѕ per NHBC guidеlinеѕ with pictures аnd writtеn clarification about the issues or blames wе have found at уоur Property. Our catching review is the most thorough as we will investigate every single piece of your new form property, inside and remotely.Sonia Randhawa

    ReplyDelete
  14. There is a Great House for everyone. When i was a real estate agent in the California area years ago i would tell clients that when they come upon a house that is theirs' they will know it. Sonia Randhawa

    ReplyDelete
  15. Ideally a property bought with rental in mind will be close to local tourism centres, have good transport links and be situated near to the beach or golf course. Security is also a factor to bear in mind as is access when renting to elderly or disabled tourists. If selected carefully, the buy to let investor can be assured of a good rental income from their property, especially in regions such as the Algarve. Southern Portugal now works as a "non-seasonal" tourist destination, with rental income achievable throughout the year.Sonia Randhawa

    ReplyDelete
  16. I am all that much satisfied with the substance you have said. I needed to thank you for this extraordinary article.Sonia Randhawa

    ReplyDelete
  17. Great blog thank you :) - always enjoyed weird, dark or atmospheric TV dramas. Hidden talents and lost property right up there and was not aware of these. 1980s TV adaptation of Women in Black worth a mention. In more recent times BBC's Casual Vacancy and Taboo have carried the torch well.Sonia Randhawa

    ReplyDelete

  18. I found this post of yours while looking for information to research related to blogs. It is a good article, keep posting and update information.Sonia Randhawa

    ReplyDelete
  19. I must try condos for sale rather than spend lots of my time and waste my day in cleaning this kind of chores. You really give me some cool ideas about it!bat dong san ping land

    ReplyDelete
  20. I must try condos for sale rather than spend lots of my time and waste my day in cleaning this kind of chores. You really give me some cool ideas about it!bat dong san ping land

    ReplyDelete
  21. I really loved reading your blog. It was very well authored and easy to undertand. Unlike additional blogs I have read which are really not tht good. I also found your posts very interesting.Sonia Randhawa

    ReplyDelete
  22. I hope that one day I can make it to the West Coast and also tour Victoria, BC. It would be a wonderful trip and memorable adventure to me as I am originally from the states and have life in Ontario for just 13 yrs now. My husband is Canadian. I love to travel and see new sites and this is one of my places I’d love to visit. I have gotten to a few spots here in Ontario but would love to go on a longer adventure even by train would be amazing. Coming by train would be interesting.Sonia Randhawa

    ReplyDelete
  23. I hope that one day I can make it to the West Coast and also tour Victoria, BC. It would be a wonderful trip and memorable adventure to me as I am originally from the states and have life in Ontario for just 13 yrs now. My husband is Canadian. I love to travel and see new sites and this is one of my places I’d love to visit. I have gotten to a few spots here in Ontario but would love to go on a longer adventure even by train would be amazing. Coming by train would be interesting.real estate follow up system

    ReplyDelete
  24. Very nice article. I enjoyed reading your post. very nice share. I want to twit this to my followers. Thanks .dubai hills estate

    ReplyDelete
  25. Our services are available in all cities of Minneapolis and its surroundings. We are having years of experience which enabled our customers and clients to trust our services.Sonia Randhawa

    ReplyDelete
  26. Thanks for sharing excellent informations. Your site is very cool. I’m impressed by the details that you have on this web sitehow to write an college essay

    ReplyDelete
  27. So my dear relationship problems are actually one of the features of relationship. Though you are free to pray not to have these problems at all but my candid advice is that you should create a room for it in your heart. nombre de los dedos de la mano

    ReplyDelete
  28. They're produced by the very best degree developers who will be distinguished for your polo dress creating. You'll find polo Ron Lauren inside exclusive array which include particular classes for men, women.Sonia Randhawa

    ReplyDelete

  29. Wow! This blog looks just like my old one! It as on a completely different topic but it has pretty much the same layout and design. Outstanding choice of colors!we buy houses florida

    ReplyDelete
  30. Positive site, where did u come up with the information on this posting?I have read a few of the articles on your website now, and I really like your style. Thanks a million and please keep up the effective work.rental properties in gouna

    ReplyDelete
  31. Can I simply say what a aid to search out somebody who actually is aware of what theyre talking about on the internet. You positively know tips on how to carry an issue to light and make it important. Extra individuals need to read this and perceive this aspect of the story. I cant consider youre no more popular since you undoubtedly have the gift."
    sleep dentistry"

    ReplyDelete
  32. I admire this article for the well-researched content & excellent wording. I got so involved in this material that I couldn’t stop reading. I am impressed with your work and skill.pokies online new zealand

    ReplyDelete
  33. I was on your website and reading your blog. I appreciate your team effort.You have shared very informative blog for everyone. Please keep update from your more blogs.paint by number kits

    ReplyDelete
  34. I admire this article for the well-researched content & excellent wording. I got so involved in this material that I couldn’t stop reading. I am impressed with your work and skill.Sonia Randhawa

    ReplyDelete
  35. Nice and interesting post. Thank You! For sharing such a great article, I like to read your information you have mentioned in this article are helpful for me. watching many video on twitter from my site, please go to site.Sonia Randhawa

    ReplyDelete
  36. I feel strongly about this and so really like getting to know more on this kind of field. Do you mind updating your blog post with additional insight? It should be really useful for all of us.Sonia Randhawa

    ReplyDelete
  37. If you set out to make me think today; mission accomplished! I really like your writing style and how you express your ideas. Thank you. buy instagram.likes cheap

    ReplyDelete
  38. Definitely agree with the first tip because you have to make sure your home is ready before you list it in the market. Improvements are really important and staging as well will help in getting the best possible price when selling your home. After the improvements, it is also good to get a professional photographer to take photos of your home that will highlight the areas of your home and help to attract potential buyers. Awesome blog by the way and thanks for sharing.lisa

    ReplyDelete
  39. Definitely agree with the first tip because you have to make sure your home is ready before you list it in the market. Improvements are really important and staging as well will help in getting the best possible price when selling your home. After the improvements, it is also good to get a professional photographer to take photos of your home that will highlight the areas of your home and help to attract potential buyers. Awesome blog by the way and thanks for sharing.Sonia Randhawa

    ReplyDelete
  40. Yes i am totally agreed with this article and i just want say that this article is very nice and very informative article.I will make sure to be reading your blog more. You made a good point but I can't help but wonder, what about the other side? !!!!!!Thanks.Sonia Randhawa

    ReplyDelete
  41. In fact grand employment with the blog. I do akin to your solid toil and will remain for more post from you as post gave me happiness and gives some helps to do same work right here. Thanks a lot.Sonia Randhawa

    ReplyDelete
  42. Everyone knows that the latest economic bubble to burst had a lot to do with the real estate industry. And as a result, the entire Real estates industry has taken a huge hit in terms of value, investor confidence, as well as in many other ways. This is bad news for those who are now underwater on their mortgages (they owe more on their mortgage than their home is actually worth), and it may seem like bad news for real estate professionals as well. But this is not necessarily the case for those that are able to generate enough real estate lead.Sonia Randhawa

    ReplyDelete
  43. Definitely agree with the first tip because you have to make sure your home is ready before you list it in the market. Improvements are really important and staging as well will help in getting the best possible price when selling your home. After the improvements, it is also good to get a professional photographer to take photos of your home that will highlight the areas of your home and help to attract potential buyers. Awesome blog by the way and thanks for sharing.lofi beats

    ReplyDelete
  44. I am glad to view such a great article, I sit tight for an additional article additional fascinating on peruse. Manner cool! exactly greatly substantial points! I like you composing this article in addition to whatever remains of those websites will be generally great. I by any means adored the article. It demonstrated with being exceptional of service should be. Phenomenal publish! decent post Hosting phenomenal substance. This is precisely the thing that I've been searching for.jasa pembuatan patung fiber

    ReplyDelete
  45. This unique in fact perhaps even a very good arrange that i believe it or not in fact really enjoyed looking into. It is not necessarily consequently routine that i range from the substitute for verify a precise detail.pokies online

    ReplyDelete
  46. Our online courses are designed to help you build your future despite the hard times. We know what it feels like to want a better future but not know where to start. We are proud to be your starting place. Christine Sanni has built an award-winning career in technology; expanded her commitment and efforts towards environmental conservation; and is focused on helping others understand what makes them great. If you want to get the best place for online course visit Online learning sites

    ReplyDelete
  47. Our online courses are designed without walls and without invisible ceilings. And that means irrespective of who you are, you're going to have access to it all. Nothing held back, just empowering content that will not only teach you what's possible but also make you powerful. Distance learning can give you an online education. For more visit learning

    ReplyDelete
  48. Our online courses are designed without walls and without invisible ceilings. And that means irrespective of who you are, you're going to have access to it all. Nothing held back, just empowering content that will not only teach you what's possible but also make you powerful. Distance learning can give you an online education. For more visit Online learning resources

    ReplyDelete