We were discussing various basic
concepts of thermodynamics such as “

*Clausius theorem*” in our recent post. We have also discussed the “*Concept of Clausius inequality in thermodynamics”*and also “*Steady flow energy equation for throttling devices*” and “*steady flow energy equation for heat exchanger*” too in the field of thermal engineering.### Let us see now the change in entropy for a reversible process and also for an irreversible process

Let us consider the following figure, a
system is going from state 1 to state 2 by following the path A, we have
assumed here that path A is reversible process. Hence system is going from
state 1 to state 2 by a reversible path A as shown in following figure.

Let system is returning back to its
initial state via a path B, let we have assumed here that path B is also a
reversible path and therefore system is returning back from state 2 to state 1
via one reversible path B as shown in figure. Hence we will have one cycle 1-A-2-B-1
and it will be reversible cycle.

Now let system may also come back to its
initial state via a irreversible path C or we can say that system is coming
back via following the irreversible path C as shown in figure and hence we have
one cycle 1-A-2-C-1 and it will be an irreversible cycle.

Let us see here first entropy transfer
in a reversible cycle i.e. change in entropy or entropy transfer for reversible
cycle 1-A-2-B-1.

Let us see here now entropy transfer i.e.
change in entropy for irreversible cycle 1-A-2-C-1 and we will have following equation

Let us consider above both equations and we
will have following equation

Change in entropy for reversible process
will be determined by following formula

Therefore we can write here change in
entropy for reversible process and for irreversible process in following way

Do you have suggestions? Please write in
comment box

*Temperature entropy diagram for water*" in our coming posts.

###
**Reference:
**

Engineering thermodynamics by P.K. Nag

Image courtesy: Google